Monday, June 13, 2011

Military of Guatemala

Military of Guatemala

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  (Redirected from Army of Guatemala)
An officer cadet from Guatemala's military academy, Escuela Politécnica. In the rear, a platoon of Military Police(Policía Militar Ambulante) from Guardia de Honor garrison.




Kaibil unit patrolling in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Guatemala is a signatory to the Rio Pact and was a member of the Central American Defense Council (CONDECA). The President of the Republic is commander in chief. The Minister of Defense is responsible for policy. Day-to-day operations are the responsibility of the military chief of staff and the national defense staff.
An agreement signed in September 1996, which is one of the substantive peace accords, mandated that the mission of the armed forces change to focus exclusively on external threats.[1] However, Presidents Álvaro Arzú and his successors Alfonso PortilloOscar Berger andÁlvaro Colom, have used a constitutional clause to order the army on a temporary basis to support the police in response to a nationwide wave of violent crime.
The peace accords call for a one-third reduction in the army's authorized strength and budget — achieved in 2004 — and for a constitutional amendment to permit the appointment of a civilian minister of defense. A constitutional amendment to this end was defeated as part of a May 1999 plebiscite, but discussions between the executive and legislative branches continue on how to achieve this objective.
In 2004 the army has gone beyond its accord-mandated target, and has implemented troop reductions from an estimated 28,000 to 15,500 troops,[2] including subordinate air force (1,000) and navy (1,000) elements. It is equipped with armaments and material from the United States,IsraelTaiwanArgentinaSpain, and France. As part of the army downsizing, the operational structure of 19 military zones and three strategic brigades are being recast as several military zones are eliminated and their area of operations absorbed by others. The air force operates three air bases; the navy has two port bases.[3]


[edit]Individual equipment

[edit]Armored Vehicles

Armadillo APC



[edit]Towed Artillery



[edit]Air Defence Guns

[edit]Special Forces

The Guatemalan army has a special forces unit (specializing in anti-insurgent jungle warfare) known as the Kaibiles.

[edit]Military branches

[edit]Military manpower

Military age: 18 years of age
Males aged 15 to 49: 3,186,894 (2002 est.)
Males fit for military service aged 15 to 49: 2,080,504 (2002 est.)
Males reaching military age annually: 140,358 (2002 est.) This was the time of the Great Depression

[edit]Military expenditures

Total: USD $120 million (FY99)
As a percent of GDP: 0.6% (FY99)